Global Perspectives on European Cyber Policy
23 September, 4pm-5.15pm CET
– Jinghua Lyu, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, China
– Pavel Sharikov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
– Pouria Askary, ATU, Islamic Azad University and Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran
– Arindrajit Basu, Centre for Internet & Society, India

– James Shires, Leiden University
– Monica Kaminska, Leiden University  

A distinctly European approach to cyber policy is emerging, defined largely against relative deregulation in the US and a tightrope walk between security and econonmic concerns for what many in the EU see as their chief cyber threats, Russia and China. But how is European cyber policy viewed by those outside Europe? This session asks expert panelists from influential countries outside the EU, other than the “Five Eyes” alliance, to give their perspective on European cyber policy: its strengths, weaknesses, and future direction, as well as its internal tensions and contradictions. Panelists will also address the relationship of European cyber policy to other foreign policy issues, including whether a “Brussels” effect exists for cyber regulation, the role of sanctions in responding to cyber threats, and whether the concept of a European “neighbourhood” is apt for supply chain and critical infrastructure concerns that stretch around the world.


Pouria Askary is an associate professor of international law at law school of Allameh Tabataba’i Univ and a visiting professor of law at Islamic Azad University and Tarbiat Modarres University. His main interests are IHRL, IHL and international law of foreign investment. He has published numerous books and articles in the mentioned fields and has participated in many local and international conferences as speaker and trainer. Dr. Askary is also an attorney at law and a member of the Iranian Central Bar Association. From 2005 to 2015 he was working with the mission of the international committee of the Red Cross in Iran as a legal advisor. Mr. Askary is currently the Secretary General and a board member of the Iranian Association for UN Studies and also a member of the executive council of the ASIANSIL. @AskaryPouria

Arindrajit Basu is Research Lead at the Centre for Internet & Society, India (CIS), where he focuses on the geopolitics and constitutionality of emerging technologies.He has also held consulting positions on the same areas with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR),Diplomat Risk intelligence (DRI),and Association for Progressive Communications (APC). He is a lawyer by training and holds a BA, LLB (Hons) degree from the National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, and a LLM in public international law from the University of Cambridge, U.K. @BasuArindrajit

Lyu Jinghua, Ph.D., Northeast Asia Programme Director, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue. She is a retired Colonel of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. She was a Visiting Scholar at the Cyber Policy Initiative, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She is also a guest researcher at Center for International Strategy and Security, Tsinghua University. Her research includes Asia-Pacific security issues, China’s defense policy, cyber conflict, and U.S.-China relations with an emphasis of cybersecurity issues.

Pavel Sharikov, PhD. Senior research fellow at the Institute for USA and Canada Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate professor at Lomonosov Moscow State University.  Pavel works as a senior research fellow at the Institute for USA and Canada Studies since 2009. He also teaches a number of courses on politics on American politics in Lomonosov Moscow State University. His research covers a broad range of issues related to the American political processes, impact of new technologies on domestic and foreign policy and Russian-American relations. In 2019 – 2020 Pavel worked at the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland. In 2015 he authored a book “Information security in a multipolar world”. Pavel Sharikov published over 100 articles in Russian and English, he regularly appears in Russian media with commentaries on American politics and Russian-American relations.  @Shar_p


James Shires is an Assistant Professor at the Institute for Security and Global Affairs, Leiden University, an Associate Fellow with The Hague Program for Cyber Norms and a non-resident research fellow with the Cyber Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School. He is also a Research Affiliate with the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs at the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford. His research examines cybersecurity in the Middle East, focusing on the interaction between threats to individuals, states and organizations, new regional dynamics, and the development of cybersecurity expertise. @jamessshires

Monica Kaminska is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Hague Program for Cyber Norms, Institute for Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University and a PhD Candidate in Cyber Security at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on states’ responses to large-scale cyber attacks and escalation dynamics in the cyber domain. Monica previously worked in the professional services sector in London and at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. She holds a master’s degree from the University of Cambridge and a bachelor’s degree from the London School of Economics. @monica_kaminska